Combined-Cycle Power Plant Schematic Diagram and Explanation

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Combined cycle power plant – we can guess its structure from the name. It has two cycles. It produces current by generating coupling of turbine and burning fuel.

Also, the heat of the turbine is used for making steam by heating boiler water and the steam is used for the steam turbine to produce current with the help of a generator.

It can add more power to the first generator or can activate another one. This type of power plant is a combined cycle power plant. The waste is reduced by two thermodynamic cycles. This topic has to be understood by a combined-cycle power plant schematic diagram and explanation.

Today we will discuss a combined cycle power plant schematic diagram and explanation.

combined cycle power plant schematic diagram
Combined-Cycle Power Plant

The Advantages of Combined-Cycle Power Plant

Standard Gas Turbine Start

SSS (Synchro Self-Shifting) clutch helps gas turbine to work individually from the steam turbine.

combined cycle power plant schematic diagram
SSS (Synchro Self-Shifting)

Less Time for Synchronization

It takes less time for synchronizing the generator with the grid. And it can calculate the time correctly. Because synchronization time is not dependent on the temperature of the steam turbine. 

No Cool Air is Needed

At the start of the gas turbine, we can’t get steam from the heat recovery steam generator. Until the steam turbine is disjointed, a steam supply is needed for cooling the blades and giving the turbine sealing.

It Needs Less Power to Activate

For activating a gas turbine and generator, a combined power plant takes way less power than a gas turbine starting system.

gas turbine
Gas Turbine

Little Outflow

The gas turbine needs less time for starting. And it causes less pollution than the pollution caused by turbine while running in high power efficiently.

Ideal Design

The design is not dependent on the turbine. Because the steam turbine is connected with its own thrust bearing. But more standard design can be used.

Easy Torsional Analysis

A steam turbine is disconnected while accelerating the gas turbine.  That’s why the condition is not counted when the gas turbine runs the steam turbine.

Easy Commission

Suppose, the plant has 100% steam bypass. And it can complete the gas turbine by an easy cycle machine without the rotation of the steam turbine. Work power of gas turbine can be determined before activating steam turbine. 

Steam Turbine Doesn’t Stop Electricity Production

The gas turbine has no connection with the activity of the steam turbine. Because of the disconnection of the steam turbine from the gas turbine. The clean running of the gas turbine is important for the result of a total loss of the ability and maintenance timing of current production.

Maintenance of Gas Turbine Is Possible While Cooling Down The Steam Turbine

The steam turbine can be an important substitute for stopping gas turbines. It has to use an SSS clutch while rotating by its own turning gear. This characteristic can be important. Because the time needed for staying on turning gear after turning off is more than a gas turbine.

Steam Turbine Can be Turned Off with Less Gas Turbine Power

The steam turbine can be turned off before the gas turbine, according to the rules of the machine. Generally, it is done when there is some load in the gas turbine for reducing outflow temperature, because of the reducing temperature of the steam turbine. As a result, the whole process is delayed.

Efficiency

A good combined-cycle power plant can have up to 60% of efficiency.

Disadvantages

Combined-cycle powerplant saves fuel more than the traditional way of producing electricity. It can produce more electricity comparatively, using the same amount of fuel.

According to the law of physics, energy can be only transformed. But the efficiency is not 100%. For example, if we turn on a bulb, the bulb wastes energy by heating up.

Producing electricity is the same. The full amount of fuel is not transforming into electricity. Traditional power plants waste almost 2/3 of fuel. Power plants outflow too much heat into the environment.

That’s all for today’s article combined cycle power plant schematic diagram and explanation.

Hope it was helpful for you to understand combined cycle power plant schematic diagram and explanation.

You can also read: What is the Function of AVR (Automatic Voltage Regulator)?