In this article, I would like to discuss an introduction on industrial automation and types of industrial automation.
The basic mean of automation is to become a system automatic, mean it complete all over given task automatically, the definition of the automation to Analyze and control all the process parameters in the plant or in a machine with the help of automatic device is called the automation.
When a machine or a system is controlled by another system or machine them it is called an automatic system. In this type of system we can use the feedback control technology for the accurate operation of our system. In an automatic system all the components of the system works automatically. We only required the starting and stopping of the system, remaining system works itself.
Types of industrial automation
Automated machines can be subdivided into two large categories—open- loop and closed-loop machines, which can then be subdivided into even smaller categories.
Open-loop machines are devices that, once started, go through a cycle and then stop. A common example is the automatic dish-washing machine. Once dishes are loaded into the machine and a button pushed, the machine goes through a predetermined cycle of operations: pre- rinse, wash, rinse, and dry, for example.
A human operator may have choices as to which sequence the machine should follow—heavy wash, light wash, warm and cold, and so on—but each of these operations is alike in that the machine simply does the task and then stops. Many of the most familiar appliances in homes today operate on this basis.
A microwave oven, a coffee maker, and a CD player are examples. Larger, more complex industrial operations also use open-cycle operations. For example, in the production of a car, a single machine may be programmed to place a side panel in place on the car and then weld it in a dozen or more locations. Each of the steps involved in this process—from placing the door properly to each of the different welds—takes place according to instructions programmed into the machine.
Different Types of industrial automation tools exist:
- ANN – Artificial Neural Network.
- DCS – Distributed Control System.
- HMI – Human Machine Interface.
- SCADA – Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition.
- PLC – Programmable Logic Controller.
- Motion control.
Other category in which automation is divided is:
- Scientific Automation
- Industrial Automation
- Office Automation
(Used by scientists)
(Building management system)
(Used by non technical staff)